Europol Agreement

by on September 19, 2021

On 31 January 2020, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) published his opinion on the negotiating mandate for the conclusion of an international agreement on the exchange of personal data between Europol and New Zealand. The Agreement provides the legal basis for the transfer of personal data between Europol and the New Zealand authorities responsible for combating serious crime and terrorism. Their actions and mutual cooperation in the prevention of these crimes are supported and strengthened. While both types of agreements aim to improve cooperation between Europol and the country concerned, there is a big difference: strategic agreements are limited to the exchange of general intelligence and strategic and technical information, while operational agreements allow for the exchange of information, including personal data. This network of liaison officers shall communicate via the SIENA system, a state-of-the-art tool that enables rapid, secure and user-friendly communication and the exchange of operational and strategic crime information and intelligence between Europol, Member States and third parties that have concluded cooperation agreements with Europol. Europol also cooperates closely with a number of EU institutions and agencies on the basis of cooperation agreements. The Agency has also concluded other agreements with private companies. Generally speaking, there are two types of cooperation agreements that Europol can conclude with states and other entities outside the EU: strategic and operational agreements. In addition, other States with which Europol has concluded cooperation agreements shall be represented by at least one liaison officer, as well as Interpol and Eurojust. As a result, officials from 41 countries as well as interpol and Eurojust are in the same location, facilitating communication between themselves and with each other and between their respective national authorities. The Director of Europol may conclude agreements with other countries and international organisations for Europol. Since September 2017, Europol has been operationally cooperating with Albania, Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Denmark, Colombia, Georgia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, northern Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Ukraine and the United States of America, as well as Interpol. [32] [53] [54] [55] Similarly, the Agency has concluded strategic agreements with Brazil, China, Russia, Turkey, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the World Customs Organization (WCO).

[56] [55] [57] Denmark was not allowed to participate in the 2016 recast of the Europol Regulation because it had withdrawn from the area of freedom, security and justice. In a referendum held in December 2015, it opposed the transformation of its opt-out into a case-by-case opt-in that would have allowed it to participate in the new regulation and remain a member of Europol. However, Denmark and the European Union agreed on a cooperation agreement in December 2016. The agreement was adopted by the European Parliament and the Danish Parliament on 27 April 2017 and signed on 29 April 2017, two days before Denmark was cut off by the Agency. [30] [31] [32] The European Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation Europol and the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) have formally signed an agreement to further strengthen cooperation in the fight against infringements of intellectual property rights. . . .

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